Definition of Personal Selling

Personal Selling is the oral presentations made by the individual salesperson. In this case a conversation with one or more prospective buyers who intended to create sales.

Here is the definition of selling face to face (personal selling) put forward by the experts.
Kotler (2003:564)

"Personal Sellling: face to face interaction with one or more perspective purchasers for the purpose of making presentations, answering questions, and procuring orders"

Sales to-face verbal communication consists of a sales force with one or more prospective buyers with the aim that the occurrence or influence sales. But the purpose of selling face to face, in a better state than other promotional tools.

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Advertising Properties

Advertising has the properties:

1. Public Presentation, which enables ad everyone received the same order of the product in the ad.

2. Pervasiveness, the same advertising messages can be repeated to determine the reception of information.

3. Amplified Expresiveness, which is able to dramatize the company advertisements and products through pictures and sound to shake the audience.

4. Impersonality, which is forcing the audience to notice and respond, because it is a helpful communication.

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Definition of Direct Marketing

Direct Marketing Assotiation (DMA) in offering Saragih (2003; 38) defines direct marketing as an interactive marketing system that uses one or more advertising media to produce a response or a transaction that can be measured at one location.

Meanwhile, the Fandi Tjiptono (2001; 232) defines direct marketing as follows:
"Direct Marketing is a marketing system that is interactive, which utilizes one or more advertising media to cause a measurable response or transaction at any location."

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Definition of Public Relation

According Fandi Tjiptono (2001; 230) argued that:

"Public relations is a comprehensive communications effort from a company to influence the perceptions, opinions, beliefs, and attitudes of kelomppok against the company."

Meanwhile, according to Marston in Sutisna (2001; 228) defines public relations as follows:
"Public relations is the skilled communications of ideas to the various publics with the object of producing a desired result."

From the above definition of public relations can be summed up public relations is responsible for determining two-way communication is tebuka with the whole community, and create good public opinion about the organization to achieve corporate objectives.

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Provision of Tourism

Provision of tourism can be categorized as follows:

1. The items provided and there is in nature (Natural amenities). The elements included therein among others: climate, land form and landscape, shrub, flora and fauna and natural resources that can be used as health facilities.
2. The results of human creation (Man-made supply). The objects with historical value, cultural and religious values.
3. Infrastructure (Infrastructure). This group includes public infrastructure, such as power plants and ports, and the needs of the community at large.
4. Tourism facilities. Third tourism facilities which support each other each other is as follows: (a) basic tourism facilities, such as travel agents and accommodation; (b) a complement of tourism facilities, such as recreational facilities and sports; (c) tourism supporting facilities, such as store souvenirs and entertainment places at night.
5. The procedure of public life (The people ways of life). Tata way of life with a high cultural value and a certain distinctiveness to its own tourist attraction. For example cremation ceremony (Ngaben) in Bali.

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The factors that influence tourism demand

Tourism demand has special characteristics particular, namely:
1. Demand is very elastic.
2. Demand is sensitive.
3. Depending on the time.
4. Influenced by season
5. Demand focused on specific places.
6. Demand depends on the size of income.

The factors that influence tourism demand :
1. Revenue.
2. Price.
3. Quality.
4. Political relations between countries.
5. Economic relations between countries.
6. Socio-cultural relations between countries.
7. Changes in weather or climate
8. Factors holidays.
9. Government regulations.
10. Restrictions on the use of salt currency (Foreign exchange restriction).
11. Transportation technology.

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1. General Declaration adalah dokumen pernyataan umum yang harus dibawa dalam penerbangan international yang dipergunakan untuk prosedur CIQ ked an dari suatu Negara yang isinya menginformasikan tentang registrasi pesawat, tanggal journey, route , nama – nama crew lampiran fax manifest, cargo manifest , kejadian dalam penerbangan dan penanganannya, penyemprotan desinsectiside yang di tanda tangani oleh Pic atau FSM jika diperlukan

2. Shore Pass adalah kartu ijin tinggal sementara di suatu Negara bisa diartikan karena crew tidak memiliki visa dan sebagai pengganti paspor yang diberikan kepada awak pesawat untuk kurun waktu dan dengan batasan radius tertentu. Untuk KSA adalah kota jedah dengan batsan waktu 48 jam.

3. Load Sheet adalah dokumen pesawat yang diperlukan oleh awak kokpit untuk mengetahui berat atau beban yang dimuat dalam pesawat sehingga dapat diketahui stabilizernya yang kaitannya untuk dipergunakan pada saat take off dan landing. Untuk FA yang perlu diketahui adalah jumlah penumpang dan cabin bag.

4. Pax Manifest adalah dokumen penerbangan yang dipergunakan untuk procedure CIQ yang di dalamnya menerangkan daftar nama- nama pax, nomer kursi , jenis kelamin pax , jumlah dan berat bagasi yang dibawa, tujuan dan hal – hal khusus yang perlu mendapat penanganan oleh awak kabin pada saat terbang dan kedatangan.

5. Actual Passenger on Board ( APB ) adalah dokumen pesawat yang diperlukan pada saat penerbangan Domestik / Haji menerangkan total penumpang secara nyata di dalam pesawat dan ditandatangani oleh FSM.

6. Cargo Manifest adalah dokumen penerbangan untuk procedure CIQ yang menerangkan secara rinci barang – barang yang dimuat di cargo pesawat


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Destination of Incentive System

From the existing literature does not explicitly described the purpose of the incentive system applied. Only the compensation objectives described it. Given, incentives are part of direct compensation, then the system goals are basically not much different incentives for the purpose of compensation.

The purpose of the stipulation of compensation according to Werther and Davis (1996: 381) is as follows:
1. Acquire qualified personnel (Finding qualified personnel)
2. Retain current employess (Maintaining existing workers)
3. Ensure equity (appropriate payments to workers)
4. Reward desired behavior (respect for workers' behavior)
5. Control costs (control costs)
6. Comply with legal regulations (Fulfilling various rules)
7. Facilitate understanding (Creating an agreement)
8. Furtther administrative efficiency (efficiency of administration at the time will come)

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Types of Incentive System According to Werther and Davis.

Werther and Davis (1996: 413) writes the kinds of incentives as follows:

a. Piecework
Piecework is an incentive system that compensates the worker for each unit output. Daily or weekly pay is determined by multiplaying the output in units times the rate per unit

b. Productions bonuses
Production bonuses are incentive paid to workers for exceeding output golas. Often employees receive a base pay rate. Then, througth extra effort that results in output above the standard, they get a supplemental bonus, wich is usually figured at a given rate for each unit of production over the standard

c. Comissions
In sales jobs,the seller may be paid a percentage of the selling price or a flat amount for each unit sold.When no base compentation is paid, total earnings come from commissions

d. Maturity Curves
Another approach is maturity curves,which are adjustments to the top of the rate range for selected jobs.Employees are rated on productivity and experience

e. Merit Raises
Merit raises are pay increases given after an evaluation of performance. These raises are usually decided by the employee’s immediate supervisor,often in conjuction with superiors. Althougt merit raises reward above-average performance, they are seldom tied to any specific payout standard

f. Nonmonetary Incentives
Incentives usually mean money, but performance incentives also come in other forms. For example, many companieshave recognition program in which employees receive plaques, novelty items, certificate,time off,vacarions and other noncash incentives for job performance

g. Incentives Executives
Incentives-especially executive incentives needed to achieve a balance between short-them results and long term performance

h. International Incentives
To attract, retain and motivate international executives and key employees,many global companies are setting up “foreign allowances” that are incentivesfor international employees.

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Airline tickets usually called in English is Passanger Ticket. Domestic flight ticket consists of 5 parts coupon namely:
1. Audit Coupon, coupon is located on the top sheet and at the time to fill / write tickets will suppress coupons underneath / karbonis. When you finish writing the ticket, then ripped the Audit Coupon as a financial liability reports to the headquarters of the airline.

2. Agent Coupon, coupon is located on the second sheet of a ticket (this coupon is also torn as who issued the ticket archive / ticket agent).

3. Control Coupon, coupon is located on the third sheet (this coupon is also torn along with the audit coupon and coupon are good agents for control if needed / to archive).

4. Flight Coupon, coupon we do not tear, but given the potential for use in passenger checked in at the airport, when prospective passengers will leave (this coupon will be torn out by the flight attendant at the airport). Flight coupon is evidence to fly so there must be absolute, without a flight coupon prospective passengers can not go flying.

5. Passanger Coupon, coupon sheets are located on the bottom and as evidence for the passengers. Usually this coupon together with the rear cover of a ticket. Passanger coupon can serve as a receipt / proof of purchase of tickets.

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1. ATA: Actual Time of Arrivall
Actual arrival

2. ETA: Estimor Time of Arrival
Aircraft arrival time based on the estimated

3. ATD: Actual Time of Departure
Actual arrival

4. ETD: Estimat Time of Departure
Hours estimated departure
• Terminology Local Time
Local time is calculated based on GMT.

• Terminology Check Time
If the pax who already have tickets & have to make reservation asked to come at the airport to report to the relevant counter air lines before the plane take off.

• Terminology Airport Rates
The cost of airport rates / charges imposed on airlines that landed at an airport. Ex: Parker, landing, refueling.

• Terminology Airport Tax
Go for the tax collected each departing passengers on the plane. The amount in accordance with the class airport.

• Terminology Concellations
Cancellation of departure.

• Terminology Confirmation
Strengthening the back / make sure departure pax.

• Terminology Destination
The town became a city of destination pax.

• Terminology Origin
Hometown airline
Ex: NO: DM-JOG / 001/C/10/06
Org: Jog
Des: JKT

• Pax No show
Passengers who do not give a report about the canceled reservation.

• Pax Go Show
Pax, who have no reservation & tickets to come to the airport & wait for confirmation of his departure.

• Overbooking
A situation when the airlines made the reservation revenues exceed the capacity sold.

• Pre Flight Checks
The procedures performed by individual airlines to check against the entire record of the reservation in order to ensure the reservation is correct:
- Name & number of pax
- Route Flight
- Price & status

source : various source

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Financial Sustainability Ratio

Financial Sustainability Ratio is the ratio to measure the sustainability of a bank in terms of bank performance. One also as an additional target their own capital. Financial Sustainability Ratio (FSR) can be used to plan what to do at that moment in the days to come. (Amalia Rizky, 2004).

Financial Sustainability Ratio (FSR) is a measure for assessing the efficiency of an institution (Soeksmono 1995: 103 in Amalia Rizky, 2004) this ratio is used to determine the growth rate of each period so as to note the financial performance of the bank to conduct its operations or not.
In order to obtain higher profits, banks should try to do business or activities that support the bank's growth rate. Destination banks to generate huge profits is to achieve the returns themselves (Soeksmono, 1995:103 in Amalia Rizky, 2004). This is because of the losses from loans are not paid. This means that a bank will operate more effectively and efficiently if the bank was able to maintain good performance and try to reduce the risks that exist (Soeksmono, 1995:110 in Amalia Rizky, 2004).

Financial Sustainability (www.wbln0018.worldbank) is an organization's ability to compare all the costs (financial costs, such as interest charges on loans, and operating costs, eg salaries, equipment, inventories) for cash or income earned from activities carried out ( such as interest income and income from bank deposits).
Financial Sustainability consists of two components, namely expenses (expense), and income (revenue). Financial sustainability is said well if its value is greater than 100%, meaning that the total income must be greater than the total cost.

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Definition of Marketing & Service

Definition of Marketing
Marketing according to William J. Stanton, Michael J. Etzel and Bruce J. Walker (Djaslim Saladin, 2001:2) is a total system of business activities which are designed to distribute goods which can satisfy wants and reach the target as well as the objective of organization.

Another definition from American Marketing Association (Lamb et al, 2001:6), marketing is the process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and meet organization goal.

Marketing according to Philip Kotler and Gary Amstrong (2001:7) is a social process and managerial that can enable individuals and groups reach their needs through the creation and exchange of products and value with other people.

Definition of Service
Definition of service according to Murti Sumarni (2002:17) is an activity or an advantage which can be given by a party to another party which is mostly intangible and can not affect ownership, and its production or is not related to any tangible product.”

A service is also an activity or series of activities of more or less intangible nature that normally, but not necessarily, take pace in interactions between the customer and service employees and/or physical resources or goods and/or system of the service provider, which are provided as solutions to customer problems (Gronroos, 1990).

According to Philip Kotler (1997) service is an action or an activity which can be offered by a party to another party, which is basically intangible and can not affect any ownership. Service may be related to tangible product or intangible product.

In addition, Philip Kotler and Amstrong (1996:383) explains definition of service as an activity or an advantage which is given by one party to another party which is basically intangible and can not effect any ownership.

Furthermore, Zeithamal (1996) give a limitation of service by stating that service is all economic activities whose output is not a physical product or a construction is generally consumed at the time it is produced, and provides added value in forms (such as convenience, amusement, comfort or health).

On the other hand, Steinhoff (1979:113) further states that the raw material of services is people. The main material of service is in fact people; nevertheless, there are many other supporting factors from the raw material of service such as advanced tools, clean, secured, comfortable physical environment, accurate, advanced, and up to date technology and service.

Lamb et. al. (2001:483) also mention that service has several unique characteristics, which differ it from the others, namely intangible, inseparability, heterogeneity, perishability.

Handi Irawan D (2002:53) also states that one important characteristic of service is it is produced and consumed at the same time. Therefore, customers’ satisfaction on service depends on interaction process or time when costumers and service provider meet.

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Lirik My Chemical Romance – Welcome To Black Parade

When I was

A young boy,
My father took me into the city
To see a marching band.

He said,
"Son when you grow up
Will you be the saviour of the broken,
The beaten and the damned?"

He said
"Will you defeat them,
your demons, and all the non believers,
the plans that they have made?"

Because one day I'll leave you,
A phantom to lead you in the summer,
To join the black parade."

When I was a young boy,
My father
took me into the city
To see a marching band.
He said, "Son when you grow up
Would you be the saviour of the broken,
The beaten and the damned?"

Sometimes I get the feeling
She's watching over me.
And other times I feel like I should go.

Through it all,
The rise and fall,
The bodies in the streets.
And when you're gone we want you all to know

We'll Carry on,
We'll Carry on
Though your dead and gone believe me
Your memory will carry on
We'll carry on

And in my heart I cant contain it
The anthem wont explain it.

A world that sends you reeling
From decimated dreams
Your misery and hate will kill us all

So paint it black
And take it back
Lets shout it loud and clear
Defiant to the end we hear the call

To carry on
We'll carry on
Though your dead and gone believe me
Your memory will carry on
We'll carry on
And though you're broken and defeated
You're weary widow marches

And on we carry through the fears
Ooh oh ohhhh
Disappointed faces of your peers
Ooh oh ohhhh
Take a look at me
Cause I could not care at

Do or die
You'll never make me
Because the world,
Will never take my heart
Go and try,
You'll never break me
We want it all,
We want to play this part

I won't explain
Or say I'm sorry
I'm unashamed I'm gonna show my scar
Give a cheer
For all the broken
Listen here
Because it's who we are

I'm just a man,
I'm not a hero
Just a boy, who had to sing this song
I'm just a man,
I'm not a hero

We'll carry on
We'll carry on
And though you're dead and gone believe me
You're memory will carry on
We'll carry on
And though you're broken and defeated
Your weary widow marches on

We'll carry on

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Collection of Links To Check Your Website and Blog

If you have a website or blog and want to check how the website / blog you are when seen from certain categories you can use the links below:

1. Feedvalidator (
To perform a check on the RSS or atom feeds.

2. AboutUs (
AboutUs dynamically created pages from the information publicly accessible on the web site, such as meta tags and whois information.

3. Copyscape (
Copyscape is dedicated to helping protect your content and can be used to find duplicate your content on other Web.

4. Prchecker (
To check the Pagerank web / blog anda.

5. Alexa (
To check the information Alexa Ranking web / blog anda.

6. Whois (
To check the web owner / your blog.

7. Backlinkwatch (
To check the number of backlinks on the web / blog anda.

8. Websiteoutlook (
To check the price on the web / blog anda.

9. Validator (
To check the validity of Web documents in HTML, XHTML, SMIL, MathML, and so on

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Lirik The Jam - That's Entertainment Lyrics


Thats Entertainment
To whoever out there wanted them, here are the lyrics to "That's
Entertainment" by the Jam.

A police car and a screaming siren -
A pneumatic drill and ripped up concrete -
A baby wailing and stray dog howling -
The screech of brakes and lamp light blinking -
That's Entertainment.

A smash of glass and a rumble of boots -
An electric train and a ripped up 'phone booth -
Paint splattered walls and the cry of a tomcat -
Lights going out and a kick in the balls -

That's Entertainment.

Days of speed and slow time Mondays -
Pissing down with rain on a boring Wednesday -
Watching the news and not eating your tea -
A freezing cold flat and damp on the walls -

That's Entertainment.

Waking up at 6 a.m. on a cool warm morning -
Opening the windows and breathing in petrol -
An amateur band rehearsing in a nearby yard -
[ Jam Lyrics
Watching the tele and thinking about your holidays -

That's Entertainment.

Waking up from bad dreams and smoking cigarettes -
Cuddling a warm girl and smelling stale perfume -
A hot summer's day and sticky black tarmac -
Fedding ducks in the park and wishing you were far away -

That's Entertainment.

Two lovers kissing amongst the scream of midnight -
Two lovers missing the tranquility of solitude -
Getting a cab and travelling on buses -
Reading the graffiti about slashed seat affairs -

That's Entertainment.

Source :

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Facebook Toolbar For Firefox Browser

For those of you who maniacs facebook and often use firefox browser to open your facebook account, here is the toolbar that may be suitable to use.
Facebook Toolbar for Firefox Browser is a toolbar for Firefox which can facilitate you in operating facebook.
Facility is provided in the toolbar are:
1. Search Facebook from anywhere
Search Box allows you to easily search Facebook no matter where you are.
Select a friend from the dropdown to go directly to their profile, or press "enter" to see the search results.
2. Get notified
Icon on the toolbar tell you how many new pokes, friend requests, and messages you have. Pop-up box will notify you when your friends update the status, write a new note or interact with you on Facebook.
3. Connect with Friends
Click the icon to open the sidebar Facebook friends. You can sort by the name of your friends or status and easily interact with them and their profile.
4. Share Content
Button "Share" allows you to share the page you are currently browsing by sending to friends or post to your profile.
5. Upload Photos
Button lets you upload photos to find pictures on your computer, the title and tag them, and upload to your Facebook account.
Download the toolbar:
https: / /

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Aplikasi Penyadap Handphone

This Application untuk sadap Penyadap Handphone.

1. Flexy Spy
Price : 150 Euro ==> Memantau semua aktivitas ponsel target, mulai data sms hingga percakapan telephone. Informasi dikirim lewat kanal GPRS ke Server FlexySpy dan anda pun bisa merekam hasil intai Flexyspy ke PC pribadi lewat PC record dalam bentuk file MP3.

2. VoxTrack Personal
Price : 14,95 EUR

3. Mobile Spy

4. SMS Anywhere ==> bekerja dengan cara meneruskan(forward( semua sms yang dikirim dan diterima ponsel target dan bekerja tanpa sepengetahuan pemiliknya. Karena aplikasi ini tidak menggunakan interface sehingga tidak akan terlihat dilayar ponsel target.
(this information taken from Pulsa Magazine, edition 170)

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Tips Mendaftarkan E-mail di BlackBerry

Anda seorang pengguna baru BlackBerry, mungkin info ini akan membantu bagaimana anda bisa mendaftarkan E-mail di BlackBerry, this Info taken from Pulsa magazine dengan Improve tulisan yang saya buat, saya minta maaf untuk majalah pulsa karena info ini saya ambil dari majalah tersebut, saya termasuk salah satu pembaca setia majalah Pulsa.

Cara pendaftarannya sangat mudah, very easy...
1. Daftarkan layanan BIS anda dan tunggu beberapa saat hingga layanan BIS anda aktif.

2. Perhatikan ikon layanan data anda (gprs/3g) yang berada di sudut kanan layar, jika hurup gprs, edge dan 3G sudah berubah menjadi hurup kapital semua (GPRS, EDGE, 3G dengan lambang BlackBerry), maka bisa dipastikan layanan BIS anda sudah aktif.

3. Check juga menu utama, click tombol menu, pilih setup, apakah ikon email setting anda sudah muncul? jika BIS sudah aktif, icon ini akan muncul dan sebaliknya.

4. Untuk mendaftarkan email, Click email setting tadi lalu tunggulah beberapa saat sampai browser terbuka.
5. Jika anda pengguna baru click Create New Account

6. Read and Chose Yes pada pilihan i have read and understand the legal terms and condition, then click agree yang berada dibawahnya

7. jika Blackberry anda sudah terdaftarkan dengan BIS orang lain atau belum direlease PIN, maka hal ini tidak bisa dilakukan

8. Masukan data formulir yang muncul sampai anda berhasil terdaftarkan.
9. Untuk mendaftarkan email , click add email account. Masukan alamat email di email address. misal, then masukan password, click next.

10. Sistem akan mendaftarkannya untuk anda. Please Wait a moment, saat sampai berhasil dengan ditandai munculnya notification You Have Succesfully added : your email address.

11. BIS sanggup me manage 10 email berbeda. untuk menambahkan email anda hanya perlu mengakses pilihan>add another or add existing email address. and Ulangi langkah tersebut.
untuk info lebih lengkap saya sarankan untuk membeli Majalah Dwi Mingguan Pulsa, Edition 170, Nov, 18 -Dec 1, 2009

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Specification/Spesifikasi & Review Sony Ericsson Satio – Symbian S60 5th edition, 12 megapixel Camera,HSUPA and GPS

Spesifikasi/Specification :
Price  : Rp. 7.050.000,-
Network : Quadband GSM, HSDPA 900/1200 MHz
Size : 11.2 x 5.5 x 1.3 cm; 126 gram
Camera : 12 Megapixel
Internal Memory : 128 MB
microSD : up to 32 GB, 8 GB included ;
Connectivity : HSDPA 7,2 Mbps, HSUPA, Wifi
Features Camera : Flash xenon, autofocus
Multimedia : video recording 30fps VGA; FM radio
CPU : ARM Cortex A8 600 MHz
PowerVR SGX graphic Accelerator, Symbian S60 Edition
Google Maps, chatting, GPS, Wise pilot
Battery Lithium Polymer 1000 mAh
Bluetooth, Java MIDP,

Now for review, taken From PULSA magazine
1. Interface
Mobile is made in large sizes. But this phone is not greater than the Nokia N97. Mobile is much lighter and thinner. This is because satio not have the input mode other than the touch screen.
Symbian OS Satio equipped S60 5th edition and touch screen measures 3.5 inches by 16.7 Million Color. Satio stylus dongle equipped to perform on-screen input.
Which is very interesting, the main menu and main screen has flash themes

2. Camera
12 megapixels means capable of producing images satio with a maximum resolution of 4000 x 3000 pixels. This camera is equipped with autofocus, smile detection, face detection, BestPic, panorama, Touch capture, image stabilizer, etc

3. Multimedia
- FM radio with RDS
- 3.5 mm Jack Audio not available
- Photo, Music and Video
4. Connectivity
- 7.6 MBps HSDPA 3.6 Mbps HSUPA AND
- Bluetooth
- Data Cable

5. Application & Instalation
- Not Available Facebook Application
- Chat Application: IM + jabber, Google Talk
- Sensitive GPS receiver
- Google Maps & Wise Pilot navigation for purposes of navigation (license only 30 days)

Review Dalam bahasa Indonesia
1. Interface
Handphone ini dibuat dalam ukuran yang besar. Tetapi handphone ini tidak lebih besar dari Nokia N97. Handphone ini lebih ringan dan tipis. Hal ini dikarenakan satio tidak memiliki mode input selain layar sentuh.
Satio dibekali OS Symbian S60 5th edition dan layar sentuh dengan ukuran 3,5 inch 16,7 Million Colour. Satio dilengkapi stylus dongle untuk melakukan input di layar.
Yang sangat menarik, menu utama dan layar utamanya dilengkapi theme flash

2. Camera
12 megapixel artinya satio mampu menghasilkan foto dengan resolusi maksimal 4000 x
3000 pixel. Kamera ini dilengkapi dengan autofocus, smile detection, face detection, bestpic, panorama, Touch capture, image stabilizer, etc

3. Multimedia
- FM radio with RDS
- Jack Audio 3,5 mm not available
- Photo, Music and video
4. Connectivity
- Bluetooth
- Data cabel

5. Application & Instalation
- Not Available Facebook Application
- Chat Application : IM + jabber, Google Talk
- GPS receiver yang sensitive
- Google Maps & Wise Pilot navigation untuk keperluan navigasi (lisensi hanya 30 hari)

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Lirik Lagu Neyo - Black Angel Lyrics

Nights full of fears, eyes full of tears
Cus u been hearin the same lies for 5 years.
Fresh out of high school he pursued his career
And u played the house wife roll for dude and his kids
But now u can't get a break no matter how hard u try,
Your life's on the line everytime u start up the ride
Cus u never got ur L's but its hard not to drive
When ur baby got a cold and the car is outside
Plus the hospital is far and ur dude ran out on ya
Just because he said that u had a mouth on ya,
Becus u would scream and holla
when he walk up in the room with maybeline up on his collar
And he didn't even bother to consider his child
He said he'd always be around but what's so different now?
You stressin now cause u can figure it out
But keep ur head in the clouds girl
continue to smile girl
Cus baby u are a

Black angel, Oh baby you are so fly
Black angel. Girl don't let him hold you down
Get up and just spread your wings and fly
Black angel

He swept u off your feet when u met it was love at first sight
He didn't even curse, said he was the Church type
Was almost Mr. Right until ur first fight
And u found out he was worse than ike
Cus he hit you in the face so hard that I hurt to bite
Now your uncertain of this person you liked
But you keep making excuses for him being abusive cause you want it to work this time

So you convince your mind that it fine
But in time your gonna find
That real love aint defined with violence
And if your crying every night
just cause some guy decided its ahhite
To hit you in the eye then its time
That you learn from the mistakes
of those that chose to stay
Cause most of em are gone today
And there's a gang of sistas
that would probably still be with us
If they would've just flown away Neyo gone and sang

You're fly
Black angel. Oh baby u are so fly
Black angel. Girl don't let him hold you down
Get up and just spread your wings and fly
Black angel

Babygirl stop depending on your man for love
And start depending on the man above


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Lirik Lagu Neyo - Be On you Lyric

Oh-oh, oh-oh, oh-oh yeah yeah yeah

[Ne-Yo Chorus]
I said excuse me little mama if I may
Take this thought and send it your way
And if you don't like that, then send it right back,
But I just gotta say
I wanna be on you (on you)
I wanna be on you (on you)
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say, I just gotta say

[Flo Rida]
Hey, shawty with no limits, that's what I need all the time,
I'm wit with with it, she with it, she not sure she put it down
Come get get get it, the business, I hi hit it, whose is it
The Benz with the windows tinted, oh I get dirty south

Showning, like them grown men, goose patrongen
Let let me go in, sexy moanin, ca catch me jonesin
Let no not ever with this little mama off schedule
Got me achy, call me papi, hottest I be fly as feathers
But but bout that, sh shawty housed that
You you got that prowl cat
I wanna pop it like ecstasy, pretty face and all that
But what I look for, this gal is hood core
But that is outdoors
Deserve an encore, the definition of a shone

[Ne-Yo Chorus]
I said excuse me little mama if I may
Take this thought and send it your way
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say
I wanna be on you (on you)
I wanna be on you (on you)
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say, I just gotta say

[Flo Rida]
Hey, I'm feeling you girl, wanna get close to you, no doubt
My sister swagger should tell it more
Than anything can vouch
Little mama you are what's inside ghetto
Fine I'll make you proud
So stuntalicious, I love it, lets at least work something out
Miss thing, million dollar game, coke bottle frame
Make my wall of fame let me know your name
I control the rain I could make it better, matter of fact
I make it weather, stormy weather with this cheddar
All because you hot as ever
If you may lady, let me play baby, make my way baby,
You won't like it, send it back and it's okay baby
You's a keeper, touch of diva, give me a fever
If I could freak ya, give me the word and I'll be along

[Ne-Yo Chorus]
I said excuse me little mama if I may
Take this thought and send it your way
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say
I wanna be on you (on you)
I wanna be on you (on you)
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say, I just gotta say

Girl let me touch you like nobody can (yeah girl)
Girl let me show you I'm a gentleman (uh huh)
I wanna be the one to hold your hand (oh yeah)
I just wanna be, I just wanna be

Girl let me touch you like nobody can (yeah girl)
I wanna show you I'm a gentleman (uh huh)
Girl let me be the one to hold your hand (oh yeah)
I just wanna be, I just wanna be

[Ne-Yo Chorus]
I said excuse me little mama if I may,
Take this thought and send it your way,
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say
I wanna be on you (on you)
I wanna be on you (on you)
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say, I just gotta say

I said excuse me little mama if I may
Take this thought and send it your way
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say
I wanna be on you (on you)
I wanna be on you (on you)
And if you don't like that, then send it right back
But I just gotta say, I just gotta say

"Be on you", yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah

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About Halon Fire Extinguishers

This information taken from
Halon used to be the extinguishing agent of choice for companies looking to protect computer equipment and other high tech facilities. The green portable fire extinguishers containing halon 1211 (pronounced “twelve-eleven”) were popular because they could be used on any type of fire, and particularly on delicate electrical equipment, as Halon 1211 did not damage high tech equipment.

Halon extinguishers contain a halogenated hydrocarbon agent forced
into a liquid state by pressure. The most common halons for portable extinguishers are Halon 1211 (bromochlorodifluoromethane) and Halon 1301 (bromotrifluoromethane).

This type of extinguisher is available in several sizes from 1.5 to 22
pounds (0.68 to 9.9 kilos). Discharge times range from 8 to 30 seconds. Discharge range is from 9 to 15 feet (2.7 to 4.6 meters). These extinguishers are also available in 150-pound (68 kilo) wheeled units which have discharge times of 30 to 35 seconds and a range of 10 to 18 feet (3 to 5.5 meters).

Halon extinguishers have several advantages. They can be used on class B or C fires, and larger units are also approved for use on class A fires. Halon leaves no residue, so cleanup is not a problem. The units are not subject to freezing, so they can be placed outside or in unheated areas. Generally, they offer more effective fire control than carbon dioxide extinguishers.

Halon extinguishers also have a number of disadvantages. For example, the smaller units are not suitable for class A fires, and halon is expensive. Recharge costs can approach or exceed the initial purchase price. Halons have also been identified as contributing to the depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere. Regulations governing the use of halons are likely to become more restrictive.

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Safety Info - Dry Powder – Class D Extinguishers

This information taken from

For metallic flammable solids (e.g., phosphorus, sodium, lithium, magnesium) do not use water, foam or carbon dioxide as a fire suppressant. Dousing metallic fires with water may generate hydrogen gas, an extremely dangerous explosion hazard, particularly if fire is in a confined environment. Additionally, fires involving flammable metals (lithium, sodium, potassium etc.) or flammable metal compounds (butyllithium, diethylzinc etc.) can be fueled by using water or carbon dioxide fire extinguishers. You must have a class D – Dry Powder extinguisher on hand if you are using these materials.

Dry powder extinguishers are available in stored pressure and cartridge operated units containing one of several available dry powder agents. This type of extinguisher is available in 30-pound (13.6 kilo) cartridge operated units. The agent is also obtainable for manual application with a scoop. Discharge times range from 30 to 60 seconds, and the discharge range is from 6 to 8 feet (1.8 to 2.4 meters). Dry powder extinguishers are also available in 150 and 350 pound (68 and 159 kilo) wheeled units. Dry powder extinguishers are suitable only for class D fires and are the only effective fire control agents for this type of fire. Dry powder agents must be evaluated in relation to the specific combustible metal that is being protected. These extinguishers can be recharged in-house.

Dry powder agents are designed to control fires in combustible metals (class D). The two most common agents in this category are G-1 and Met-L-X. Dry powders function by creating a crust over the surface of the burning metal. To extinguish the fire, this crust must completely cover the burning surface. These agents are usually applied by hand scoop or portable fire extinguisher. Graphite and sodium chloride are two common examples of these agents. There are several Class D fire extinguisher agents available, some will handle multiple types of metals, others will not.

* Sodium Chloride (Super-D, Met-L-X or METAL.FIRE.XTNGSHR) – contains sodium chloride salt and thermoplastic additive. Plastic melts to form a oxygen-excluding crust over the metal, and the salt dissipates heat. Useful on most metals, magnesium, titanium, aluminium, sodium, potassium, and zirconium.

* Copper based (Copper Powder Navy125S)-developed by the U.S. Navy in the 70s for hard to control lithium and lithium alloy fires. Powder smothers and acts as a heat sink to dissipate heat, but also forms a copper-lithium alloy on the surface which is non-combustible and cuts off the oxygen supply. Will cling to a vertical surface-lithium only.

* Graphite based (G-Plus, G-1, Lith-X, Pyromet or METAL.FIRE.XTNGSHR)-contains dry graphite that smothers burning metals. First type developed, designed for magnesium, works on other metals as well. Unlike sodium chloride powder extinguishers, the graphite powder fire extinguishers can be used on very hot burning metal fires such as lithium, but unlike copper powder extinguishers will not stick to and extinguish flowing or vertical lithium fires. Like copper extinguishers, the graphite powder acts as a heat sink as well as smothering the metal fire.

* Sodium carbonate based (Na-X)-used where stainless steel piping and equipment could be damaged by sodium chloride based agents to control sodium, potassium, and sodium-potassium alloy fires. NA-X agent is recommended wherever stress corrosion of stainless steel must be kept to an absolute minimum. Limited use on other metals. Smothers and forms a crust.

Most Class D extinguishers will have a special low velocity nozzle or discharge wand to gently apply the agent in large volumes to avoid disrupting any finely divided burning materials. Agents are also available in bulk and can be applied with a scoop or shovel.

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About Flammability (measurement)

This information taken from

The flashpoint is the temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapors for an external ignition source to cause a flame to flash across the surface of the liquid. However, if the ignition source is removed, the flame will go out because self-sustained combustion is not possible at this temperature.Flashpoint is tested using apparatus like Cleveland Open Cup ASTM D-92, and Pensky-Martens Closed Cup ASTM D-93

Firepoint is the temperature at which the material will begin self-sustained combustion if an external ignition source is used to initiate the process. This temperature is usually only slightly higher than the flashpoint.
Flammability Limit or Explosive Limit:
It is percentage mixture of flammable vapor or gas in air that can be ignited. The flammable range is the area between the upper (UFL) and lower (LFL) flammable limits, also referred to as explosive limits (UEL and LEL). Gasoline, for example, has a lower flammable limit of approximately 1.5 and an upper flammable limit of approximately 7.5. This means that if its vapors are mixed in the surrounding air between 1.5 and 7.5%, and an ignition source is introduced, it will burn or explode. If the percent of vapors in air were 1%, the mixture would be too lean to burn because sufficient fuel would not be present. If the percent of vapors in air were 10%, the mixture would be too rich to burn because there would be too much fuel relative to the oxygen.

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About Fire

This information taken from

Fire is rapid, self-sustaining oxidation accompanied by the evolution of varying intensities of heat and light. This definition indicates that fire is a chemical process of decomposition in which the rapid oxidation of a fuel produces heat and light.

Fire Triangle
Three basic elements must be present for a fire to occur: fuel, heat, and oxygen. These three components make up the fire triangle , and proper combination of these three items invariably results in a fire. There must be oxygen to sustain the combustion, heat to raise the material to its ignition temperature, Fuel to support the combustion and a Chemical reaction between the three elements. The chemical chain reaction between the fuel, heat, and oxygen represents the fourth component of the fire equation. We will refer to this as the fire tetrahedron. Anytime something burns, these four components are present. Preventing the combination of these elements will prevent a fire. If one of the four elements is removed from the fire situation, the fire will be extinguished.

In a fire, it is the vapors that are actually burning, so the closer the fuel is to the vapor state, the easier it is to ignite. Liquids ignite more readily than solids, gases more easily than liquids.

The physical state of the fuel is also important. A solid wooden board is more difficult to ignite than wood shavings due to the mass to surface area ratio. If the mass is large and the surface area small, as with the solid board, the heat of an ignition source is more easily dissipated through the material and hence there is less chance for ignition and fire. If the mass is small and the surface area large, as with wood shavings, the heat cannot be dissipated as quickly, and ignition occurs more easily.

Dust is an example of reducing mass relative to the surface area. Given the proper conditions, many dusts may explode. Grain and coal dust are two common varieties of dust that can explode

Classification of Fire

Class A fires involve ordinary combustible materials: wood, paper, trash, plasic and cloth. Class A fires are usually relatively slow in their initial development and growth, and because these materials are solids, they are somewhat easier to contain. Class A fires leave an ash after the material has been consumed.

Class A Fire

Class B fires involve flammable and combustible liquids and flammable gases such as Gasoline, Fuel oil, Paint, Butane and Propane. These fires usually develop and grow very rapidly. Class B materials are fluid in nature, which allows them to flow and move. This makes dealing with them somewhat more difficult than Class A materials. These materials are common in many settings. These fires typically do not leave an ash.

Class B Fire
Class C fires involve energized electrical equipment such as motors, appliances, and machinery. This is the only classification of the five that is not directly related to the type of fuel. The fact that a live electrical circuit is involved is the determining factor. Remove the power and the burning materials may actually fall into one or more of the four other classes. If the electric power is disconnected, the fire is no longer considered class C. Whether the device being considered is turned on or not is unimportant in this classification. Power to the device makes it Class C even if the device is turned off.

Class C Fire
Class D fires involve combustible metals such as Potassium, Sodium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Titanium, and Zirconium. These materials are usually difficult to ignite but create intense fires once started. Class D fires are very difficult to extinguish, but, fortunately, they are relatively uncommon in most industries.

Class D Fire
Class K fires involve cooking oils and greases such as animal fats and vegetable fats. This is the newest of the fire classes.

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Water and Foam Fire Extinguishers

This information taken from

They extinguish the fire by taking away the heat element of the fire triangle (i.e by sudden cooling). Foam agents also separate the oxygen element from the other elements of the fire triangle (i.e fuel, heat and Chemical Reaction).

Water Extinguishers are for Class A fires only – they should not be used on Class B or Class C fires. The disharge stream could spread the flammable liquid in a Class B fire or could create a shock hazard on a Class C fire. Water cans are easily refilled by filling the cylinder with water about 3/4 of the way up. The top is then screwed back on and the unit is pressurized with an aircompressor. They contain 2.5 gallons of water or water with a wetting agent which is applied by means of a 1/2 inch hose with a smooth-bore nozzle attached to the tip. They produce a 40-50 foot stream of water, with a discharge time of about 45 seconds Although only effective on only Class A fires, they have the advantage of being inexpensive, harmless, and easily refilled as well as having the advantage causing no mess, resulting in easy clean-up.

Foam Extinguishers can be used on Class A & Class B fires only. They can’t be used on Class C because of Electrical Shock Hazard.

Class B fires can be controlled with foam extinguishers. Unlike
any other type of portable fire extinguisher, foam extinguishers can cover Class B spills with foam to help prevent ignition.
Foam extinguishers also have a number of disadvantages. For example, these units are only effective on class A and B fires and can be dangerous if used on class C or D fires. The extinguishers are relatively heavy. In any area that is not continuously heated, the unit is subject to freezing. Antifreeze can be added to prevent freezing, but that makes maintenance more difficult.

Fire Retardant Foam, or fire suppression foam, is a foam used for fire suppression. Its role is to cool the fire and to coat the fuel, preventing its contact with oxygen, resulting in suppression of the combustion. The surfactants used need to produce foam in concentration of less than 1%.

Other components of fire retardant foams are organic solvents (eg. trimethyltrimethylene glycol and hexylene glycol), foam stabilizers (e.g. lauryl alcohol), and corrosion inhibitors.

Low-expansion foams have an expansion rate less than 20 times. Foams with expansion ratio between 20-200 are medium expansion. Low-expansion foams such as AFFF are low-viscosity, mobile, and able to quickly cover large areas.

High-expansion foams have an expansion rate over 200. They are suitable for enclosed spaces such as hangars, where quick filling is needed.

Alcohol-resistant foams contain a polymer that forms a protective layer between the burning surface and the foam, preventing foam breakdown by alcohols in the burning fuel. Alcohol resistant foams should be used in fighting fires of fuels containing oxygenates, eg. MTBE, or fires of liquids based on or containing polar solvents.

Class A foams
A fire truck demonstrating Class A foam in a CAFS system

Used for Class A fires, including structure fires. Class A foams facilitate wetting of class A fuels, lowering the surface tension of the water and assisting saturation of them with water, aiding fire suppression and preventing reignition.

Class B foams

Class B foams are designed for class B fires – flammable liquids. The use of class A foam on a class B fire may yield unexpected results, as class A foams are not designed to contain the explosive vapors produced by flammable liquids. Class B foams have two major subtypes.

Synthetic foams

Synthetic foams are based on synthetic surfactants. Synthetic foams provide better flow, faster knockdown of flames, but limited post-fire security.
Aqueous film forming foams (AFFF) are water-based, frequently containing sodium alkyl sulfate, and/or perfluoro telomer as surfactants. They have the ability to spread over the surface of hydrocarbon-based liquids. Alcohol-resistant aqueous film forming foams (AR-AFFF) are foams resistant to the action of alcohols, able to form a protective film when they are present.

Protein foams

Protein foams contain natural proteins as the foaming agents. Unlike other synthetic foams, protein foams are bio-degradable. They flow and spread slower, but provide a foam blanket that is more heat resistant and more durable.

Protein foams include regular protein foam (P), fluoroprotein foam (FP), alcohol resistant fluoroprotein foam (AR-FP), film forming fluoroprotein (FFFP), and alcohol-resistant film forming fluoroprotein (AR-FFFP).

Protein Foam from non-animal sources is preferred because of the possible threats of biological contaminants like prions.

Every type of foam has its application. High-expansion foams are used when an enclosed space, such as a basement or hangar, needs to be quickly filled. Low-expansion foams are used on burning spills. AFFF is best for spills of jet fuels, FFFP is better for cases where the burning fuel can form deeper pools, AR-AFFFF is suitable for burning alcohols. The most flexibility is achieved by AR-AFFF or AR-FFFP. AR-AFFF must be used in areas where gasolines are blended with oxygenates, since the alcohols prevent the formation of the film between the FFFP foam and the gasoline, breaking down the foam, rendering the FFFP foam virtually useless.

Applied to fuel fires as either an aspirated (mixed & expanded with air in a branch pipe) or non aspirated form to form a frothy blanket or seal over the fuel, preventing oxygen reaching it. Unlike powder, foam can be used to progressively extinguish fires without flashback.

* AFFF (aqueous film forming foam), used on A and B fires and for vapor suppression. The most common type in portable extinguishers. It contains fluoro tensides [4] which can be accumulated in human body. The long-term effects of this on the human body and environment are unclear at this time.
* AR-AFFF (Alcohol-resistant aqueous film forming foams), used on fuel fires containing alcohol. Forms a membrane between the fuel and the foam preventing the alcohol from breaking down the foam blanket.
* FFFP (film forming fluoroprotein) contains naturally occurring proteins from animal by-products and synthetic film-forming agents to create a foam blanket that is more heat resistant then the strictly synthetic AFFF foams. FFFP works well on alcohol-based liquids and is used widely in motorsports.
* CAFS (compressed air foam system) Any APW style extinguisher that is charged with a foam solution and pressurized with compressed air. Generally used to extend a water supply in wildland operations. Used on class A fires and with very dry foam on class B for vapor suppression.
* Arctic Fire is a liquid fire extinguishing agent that emulsifies and cools heated materials quicker than water or ordinary foam. It is used extensively in the steel industry. Effective on classes A, B, and D.
* FireAde, a foaming agent that emulsifies burning liquids and renders them non-flammable. It is able to cool heated material and surfaces similar to CAFS. Used on A and B (said to be effective on some class D hazards, although not recommended due to the fact that fireade still contains amounts of water which will react with some metal fires).

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1. Water Glycol Fire Extinguisher ( “H2O”)
Dapat digunakan untuk semua api klas A.Telah Dikenal Buatan Walter Kidded an Craviner

2. Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguisher ( CO2)
Dapat digunakan untuk memadamkan api klas A,B,C,D,E sangat prektis, tetapi kalau digunakan dalam ruang tertutup, seperti di dalam Cabin pesawat, dapat mengganggu pernapasan manusia.

3. Bromo Chloro Di Flouro Methane Fire Extinguisher ( “ BCF” )
BCF fire extinguisher tersebut merupakan cairan yang dapat digunakan untuk memadamkan a[pi klas A,B,C,D,E Sma dengan CO2 fire extinguisher hasilnya.Setelah Api padam , maka benda yang ditangani tidak mengotori lingkungannya , tetapi cukup seperti biasanya.

4. Dry Chemical Powder Fire Extinguisher
DC.Powder berbentuk bubuk basah yang dapat digunakan unutk memadamkan semua Klas api hanya setelah api padam maka benda yang ditangani dan lingkunganya akan menjadi kotor ,Tidak baik untuk diterapkan pada alat- alat elektronika
Note : Keuntungan Penggunaan CO2 Fire Extinguisher :
a. Tidak Mengantarkan Gas beracun , tetapi dapat mempersulit pernapasan manusia.
b. Tidak menghantarkan aliran listrik ( non Conductive )
c. Setelah disemprttkan tidak mengotori mesin , alat elektronika dsb
Kebakaran di pantry tidak boleh memadamkan api tersebut dengan H2O Fire Extinguisher, karena akan mengakibatkan “Short Circuit”
WITHOUT FUEL,there is nothing t be burned!
WITHOUT OXYGEN, nothing can burn !
WITHOUT HEAT, There can be no fire!
WATER GLYCOL ( Cooling ) : - Tabngnya berwarna biru / abu- abu
Alat pemadam api ini berisi ( H2 O ) sehingga sering disebut juga H2O Fire extinguisher.Sebetulnya alat ini selain berisi air , dia juga berisi campuran Glycol, yaitu sebangsa bahan kimia yang sangat baik untuk digunakan dalam pemadam api dari klas “A”
Alat pemadam ini hanya boleh untuk digunakan pada api yang betul , yang dikarenakan benda padat yang terbakar.
Alat ini tidak boleh digunakan untuk memadamkan api klas B karena minyak yang menyala akan mengambang di atas permukaan air dan akna meyebar ke segala arah
Alat ini juga dilarang digunakan untuk api dari klas C karena air adalah penghantar ( conductor ) dari arus listrik yang baik , sehingga bahaya terkena sengatan listrik akan snagat besar
Operation :
- Keep Upright
- Turn Handle ClockWise As far as possible to the right
- Direct the water stream at the base of the flame and sweep it systematically
- Please Lever ….
- Spread the water stream with your Finger Tip

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The Terms in The Baggage

1. Pax Baggage: pax baggage to be stored in the baggage compartment in the plane
2. Cabin Baggage: pax baggage that can be stored in the aircraft cabin
3. Baggage Claim: Region / section of the airport, which is used as the baggage claim pax arrive
4. Unclamed Baggage: pax baggage owner unknown
5. Labeling: a system to facilitate the identification of goods / luggage belonged memberiakn pax with luggage labels
6. Baggage Claimtaq: luggage label given to pax as danj baggage receipt can be used as evidence at the baggage claim
7. Taq baggage: luggage label placed on the trunk pax
8. Interline Tq: luggage labels that can be used for more than a destination station
9. Baggage Check: An examination of pax luggage to avoid the things that are not desirable and for the safety of flight

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Main Variable Product Attributes

Kotler and Armstrong classifies product attributes on three important elements (Kotler & Armstrong 2001:299), namely:

>> Product Quality (Product Quality)
Product Quality (Product Quality) is the ability of a given product's performance in accordance with its function (such as durability, accuracy, ease of operation, and repairs). Quality is considered a very important role in terms of consumers and producers. For consumers, by increasing the quality of a product will further enhance satisfaction with the offered goods producers. For producers, the increasing quality of products means an increase in market share and the ability to increase or the creation of profit.
Product quality has two dimensions, namely level (level) and consistency. This means that a product if the quality is said to meet these two dimensions, namely the product has good quality and delivered consistently over time.

>> Recommended Products (Product Features)
Recommended products (Product Features) is a tool for distinguishing competing products a company with another company (the features that provide additional benefits of a product). In general, the characteristics inherent in a product is the result of the development and improvement continuously.

To be able to know what is in vogue and customer needs, companies should conduct periodic surveys to find the level of customer preference toward product offerings, the most desirable features of the products, features that can improve product performance, and reasonable costs incurred to take advantage of features -feature.

>> Product Design 
Another way to add value for customers is through a different product design. The design has a wider concept than style (Style). More styles featured on the aspects of performance regardless of product performance. Style is not necessarily add to the comfort is not uncommon even with the latest model of convenience disrupt the primary use of a product. Design consider factors other than an attractive appearance. Design can improve the performance of a product. A good design can attract the attention of consumers, improve product performance, reduce production costs, and increase competitive advantage.

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1. Transit Visa
Visas are given to someone who made a stopover / travel in a certain city in the country and then will perform and continue his journey to the city / country of destination.

2. Tourist Visa
Visas-given to someone who want to travel to the country he wrote is not usually stay for tourism purposes.

3. Official Visa
Given to officials of a state with free as a sign of friendship between the two countries in accordance by custom / habit in the world of International relationships. .

4. Temporary Visa
Given to someone who paid a visit while on a city in the country he visited. These visas are granted for commercial business / personal.

5. Diplomatic Visa
Given to the Ambassador, Consul, or representative of a country that deserves respect & honor awarded on the basis of law-law & international diplomatic practice.

6. Imigrant Visa
Given to people belonging to the immigrants.

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1. Alien passport / Stateles passport
Dikeluarkan oleh pemerintah suatu ngr bagi orang asing / seseorang yg berdomisili di negara tsb. Akan tetapi tidak memiliki status kewarganegaraan dan dikeluarkan pemerintah dg alasan kepentingan kemanusiaan.

2. Children’s Identity Card (CIC)
Diberikan kepada anak yangg bepergian keluar negeri sendiri dengan batas usia 17 th dan atas persetujuan parent nya

3. Leizzer Passer
Dikeluarkan orang – orang yang melakukan perjalanan ke beberapa negara dengan kepentingan PBB.

4. Diplomatic passport
Dikeluarkan pemerintah bagi warga negaranya yang menjabat sebagai diplomat.

5. Official Passport (Passport Dinas)
Dikeluarkan oleh pemerintah bagi warga negaranya yang menduduki jabatan dalam pemerintahan & ingin melakukan perjalanan dinas ke LN sesuai dengan peraturan yang berlaku.

6. Special Passport
Passport yang dikelurkan pemerintah bagi warga negaranya yangg tidak berstatus sebagai pegawai / pejabat pemerintah yang ingin melakukan perjalanan ke LN sehubungan dengan misi diemban pemerintah.

7. Joint Passport / Family Passport
Dikeluarkan pemerintah dari suatu negara untuk warga negaranya dalam bentuk passport keluarga. Isinya berapa data-data dr 2 org / lebih.
Ex ; suami-istri + anak termasuk didalamnya adalah seseorang yang menjadi tanggung jawab kepala keluarga yg memiliki passport tsb.
Anggota keluarga yg namanya tertulis dipassport tersebut baru dapat menggunakan jenis passport ini apabila selama dalam perjalanan bersama pemilik passport

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A pressure water system for washing, galley, and drinking purposes shall be provided. The water tank shall have a volume of 30 gallons, however, the normal quqntity shall be limited to 30 gallons.

Hot and cold water shall be supplied in the lavatories and cold water shall be supplied in the No.1 and No. 48 galley units. A water shut-off vaive, accessible in flight, shall be provided in the supply line to each lavatory wash basin. Water filters shall be installed in the cold water systems of lavatories LA, LD, and LE.

The system supply tank shall be capable of with standing a burst pressure of 125 pst. Collapse of the supply tank shall be prevented by structural provisions or by raliable venting to prevent full cabin pressure differential acting on it.

The water distribution lines shall be fabricated of materials which will sustain freezing without ruptura or permanent distortion.

All components of the water system shall be constructed of corrosion resistant materials suitable for use with super-chlorinated water. Construction shall be in accordance with the sanitary requirements of the U.S. Public Health Service.

Water Tank Pressurization

The potable water tank shall be pressurized to a minimum of 25.0 psig by air from the pneumatic system with a filter incorporated to remove contaminants. It shall be possible to pressurize the system through a valve on the service panel for maimtenance purposes.


Waste Water System

Waste water from the lavatory wash basin, galley sinks. And door threshold drains shall be drained overboadr during flight, through forward and aft heated drain masts.

Toilet System

Each lavatory shall be equipped with a flushing toilet. It shall include a three-phase AC motor to drive a pump, a flishing cycle timer, and a drain valve. The flushing mechanism, including motor, pump, fiter, and timer shall be accessible for maintenance. Corrosion-resistant materials shall be used throughout. The flush pump shall be capable of operating dry for axtended periods without damage.The ground flush and drain lines shall be protected against freezing in flight. The drain lines shall be capable of withstanding the full cabin pressure differential without collapsing. The ground flush line shall be capable of withstanding repeated freezing without ruptura.The forward lavatory toilet tank shall have a minimum capacity of 15 gallons and the aft lavatory toilet tanks shall have a minimum capacity of 17 gallons.

Toilet Servicing

Servicing the forward toilet shall be accomplished from a service panel located on the lower forward exterior of the fuselage. A four-inch diameter drain connection suitable for drainage with a Kaiser (Roylyn) service coupling 2651-133 (or equivalent) and a hinged can shall be provided on each drain outlet. The drain connect ons shall incorporate an integral cap. The ground flush line fittings shall mate with a Roylyn 1.00 inch size coupling.

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Bagian Tata Graha Hotel / House Keeping Department

Bagian yang bertugas memelihara kebersihan, kerapian, kelengkapan kamar-kamar tamu, restorant, bar dan tempat-tempat umum dalam hotel, termasuk tempat-tempat untuk karyawan, kecuali tempat yang menjadi tanggung jawab steward. Misalnya kitchen area, dishwashing area, garbage area. Adapun House Keeping dibagi menjadi beberapa seksi antara lain:
a. Room Section : bagian kamar-kamar. Room section disebut Floor/Area Section.
b. Houseman : bagian yang membersihkan public space and all area dan penataan ruangan event.
c. Linen & Uniform : bagian yang menangani linen-linen yang digunakan di kamar-kamar tamu maupunfasilitas yang ada di food & beverage serta mengurus pakaian seragam dari seluruh pegawai hotel.
d. Gardener : bagian yang menangani taman dan kebun
e. Pool Section : bagian yang menangani kolam renang
f. Incinerator Section : bagian pengelolaan pembakaran sampah
g. Upholstery Section : bagian reparasi mebel, karpet

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Cooked Meals for Employees

To a large hotel with hundreds of employees, breakfast, lunch, or a night for the kitchen staff cooked by using kitchen equipment, but the food cost calculations that will be charged to the Manpower Department, the personnel responsible for food employees .
Costs incurred will be borne by the department. There are no fees for employees purchase meals, uniform, who became the burden of hotels and regulated by the HRD or personnel.

Food employees must meet the following criteria:
1. Adjusted to the number of employees who enter,
2. Indonesia or local menu,
3. The materials and local businesses,
4. Enough nutrients, proteins, vitamins,
5. Cooked and properly supervised,
6. There are variations in the menu for 1-2 months,
7. Special menu for the special days , 
8. Warehouse separate kitchen from the warehouse owner,
9. Standards have their own cost,
10. Not ignore the hygiene and sanitation,
11. Food replaced if a lot of complaints from employees,
12. Technically can be left on private catering business while still must follow the criteria established or can also be cooked by the Employees Dinning Room Kitchen

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Safety Equipment is commonly also called Emergency Equipment must be in the civil aircraft as the main completeness, although in a minimal amount.

Completeness of these include:
1. First Aid Kit: Support for first aid
2. Portable Fire Extinguisher: Fire portable fire
3. Portable fire Ax or ax: Portable Oxygen Cylinder
4.Crash Ax or fire ax: ax destroyer
5. Oxygen DRP out: that of flying pressurized aircraft above 20,000
Oxygen equipped with automatic secra Out DRP, when the oxygen deficiency (oxygen) in the aircraft cabin.
6. Means of escape: Suggestions rescue.
Included in the means of escape of these is:
- Emergency Exits: Emergency exit doors
- Escape Rope Emergency exit windows
- Escape Slide / Escape Chute
- Emergency Lights

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Add-Ons To Open Online File Archive

ArchView an Add-Ons by Firefox.

Add-Ons ArchView Archive files can be opened without having to download all these files, so you can take all the necessary files
Currently ArchView can support ZIP files, RAR archives and ISO-9660 CD images.
ArchView supports HTTP, FTP, and can handle local files via file: protocol.
This software displays the data via XUL or HTML interface.
Weakness of ArchView add-ons are:
- Unable to open the SFX files.
- No support multi-volumn archive.
- No support RAR decoding.
- Unable to open file in encrypt.

For more details you can open the official website below:
Download add-ons:
https: / /

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Spesifikasi/Specification/Review for Nokia 5800 navigation edition

Price : 285 Euro

Network : HSDPA 900/2100, GSM Quadband, 850/900/1800/1900
Size : 111x51,7x15,5 mm;
Weight : 109 gr
Screen : TFT resistive touchscreen 16 Million Colour 360x640 pixel, 3,2 Inch
Stand-by : 408 Hour
Talktime : 5 Hour
Features :
Camera 3,15 MP 2048x1536 pixel; Carl Zeiss Optic;Autofocus, led flash; Video VGA 30Fps
Video call camera; OS Symbian OS v9.4, series 60 rel.5;CPU ARM 11 434 MHz processor, SMS,MMS
Email, Instant Messaging; Browser WAP 2.0/xHTML, HTML , RSS Feed;Stereo FM radio with RDS

Games; GPS with A-GPS support; Nokia Maps 2.0 Touch;Java Midp 2.0;regional maps; lifetime pedestrianand vehicle voice-guided navigation licenses; Car mount and car charger in retail package;

WMV/RV/MP4/3GP video player;Mp3/WMA/Wav/RA/AAC/M4A music player
TV Out; voice command dial; Document Viewer (word, excell, Powerpoint; T9; Photo editor; GPRS class 12, HSCSD, EDGE Class;

3G HSDPA 3,6 Mbps; Wlan Wifi; UpnP technology; Bluetooth v2.0 with A2DP; USB v2.0 microUSB;Internal memory 81 Mb Storage, 128 Mb RAM, MicroSD up to 16 GB, 8 GB included, 3.5 mm audio jack; proximity sensor for auto turn off; Accelerometer sensor for auto rotate; handwriting recognition

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Blackberry Bold Vs Nokia N97

Blackberry Bold or Nokia N97, itu pertanyaan saya saat ini. Finally i found the answer in Majalah Phone3 Indonesia.
Pada dasarnya kedua Hp ini memiliki kelebihan masing-masing, so truly kedua hp ini benar-benar sepadan and mempunyai karakteristik yang sama each other. Keduanya mempunyai fiture office and email.
Salah satu kelebihan Nokia N97 adalah Double Input Method, Qwerty and Touchscreen, size from LCD nya lebih besar (More Big), Automatically, ini lebih nyaman, comportable untuk pekerjaan kantor and browsing. Camera resolution yang tinggi juga jadi kelebihan Nokia N97. But Push Email System yang dimiliki BlackBerry memiliki keunggulan dan kepraktisan.
Here specification from two gadget.

Nokia N97 :
TFT resistive touchscreen, 16M colors, 360x640 pixels, 3.5 inches, accelerometer sensor for auto rotate, Full Qwerty Keyboad, Internal Memori 32 GB Storage, 128 MB RAM, microSD (Transflash) up to 16GB, HSDPA 3,6 Mbps, Wifi 802.11 b/g, UpnP technology, Bluetooth v2.0 with A2DP, Camera 5 Mega pixel.

BlackBerry Bold :
TFT 65K Colors, 480 x 320 pixels, 2,6inches, FULL QWERTY Keyboard, Trackball navigation, Internal memory 1 GB storage, 128 MB RAM, microSD (TransFlash), microSDHC up to 8 GB, HSDPA 3,6 Mbps, Wifi 802.11 a/b/g, Bluetooth v2.0 with A2DP, Camera 2 Mega Pixel

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HP LG QWERTY - Spesifikasi & Review & Harga For LG GW300

Price : Rp. 1.400.000,-
Specification :
Network : Quad Band GSM
Dimention : 11.5 x 6.1 x 1.28 cm; Weight : 95g
Screen : 256.000 TFT
Size : 2,4 Inch with 2 Megapixel Camera (1600x1200 Pixel)
yahoo search, Secret Memo, flash Player
Live Square; Anti Thief Mobile Tracker;Facebook Client
ebuddy Client, Alkitab, Quran (instalation), FM Radio
Ring Tones; MIDI, AAC, eAAC+, WAV, WMA and MP3
battery Lithium Ion 900 mAh
Ponsel, charger, Battery, Headset Stereo, 2GB microSD card, Sarung karet, Data Cable and Kartu Garansi.

Review for This handphone:
Ini dia Hp terbaru dari LG, ditengah boomingnya HP QWERTY, LG GW300 akan meramaikan pasaran ponsel qwerty di Indonesia, GW300 didesain OK, dengan tampilan dan fitur yang cukup menawan. ada camera 2 Megapixel, FM Radio and Slot Memory Ekternal. 
Guna meluaskan akses musikal, qwerty LG ini menyematkan port audio 3,5 mm and Bluetooth A2DP. HP ini beredar di Indonesia dengan paket bundling operator kartu three, struktur cashing hp ini cukup berkualitas seperti dituturkan oleh majalah pulsa edisi 169, hanya saja baterenya masih 900 mAh sehingga dianggap kurang memadai kinerja ponsel khususnya untuk aktivitas email atau internet. 

kelebihan Hp ini dari pasar low end qwerty keyboard lainnya adalah dukungan multimedianya, seperti camera 2 megapixel dan dukungan fort jack audio 3,5 mm serta adanya dukungan equalizer, repeat and visualization. Konektivitasnya sudah mendukung EDGE sehingga untuk mengakses situs jejaring sosial cukup memuaskan.
Desain LG GW300 ini menyerupai desain BlackBerry Bold, namun dengan postur lebih ramping serta lekuk lebih membulat, Keypad qwertynya terasa lebih nyaman ketimbang produk kompetitor . Ok segitu dulu reviewnya..kalo ada yang mau nambahin silahkan berika komentar.....

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Disclaimer :

I can not guarantee that the information on my blog is 100% correct